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Atomic Layer Deposition


Influential Factors


Growth per cycle (GPC)


Cycle Time (Shortening of time)


Pressure, Flowrate, Temperature, 


SRC Feed, RF Plasma or Thermal Kinetics


Hardware Design Methodology

Why ALD ? 


Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) is a precise thin-film deposition technique that creates ultra-thin, uniform coatings by sequentially exposing a substrate to different precursor gases in a controlled manner. Each exposure results in a self-limiting chemical reaction that deposits a single atomic layer, ensuring precise control over film thickness and composition. This process allows for excellent conformality on complex 3D structures, making ALD ideal for advanced semiconductor devices, nanotechnology, and other high-tech applications.

ALD operates effectively at low temperatures, enabling the deposition of a wide range of materials and facilitating the creation of diverse and complex material systems.


However, the process has some limitations, including low throughput, low deposition rates, and high equipment costs.

Industries are actively investing in the development of improved equipment to overcome these challenges, focusing on enhancing throughput, increasing deposition rates, and reducing costs. These advancements aim to provide better process control and more efficient systems, ensuring that ALD continues to be a vital technology for future applications.

How to improve throughput ? 


GPC - Growth per cycle

You can improve GPC by controlling a number of factors, depending on the process or application. And guess what? Three of these factors are source feed, purge efficiency, and RF on timings along with coreactant. You can control these parameters by adjusting temperature, pressure, and hardware development. Let's get started on optimizing your GPC!


Cycle time 

Shorter cycle time leads to more growth in less time. To achieve this, we must improve source feed by controlling pressure in reaction chamber, increasing temperature of bottle heaters, optimizing purge efficiency, and finding the right spot and time for RF ignition. we need to make a note that, factors may influence each other, so balance is crucial.


Hardware Enhancements

Hardware developments determine all the factors, including GPC and time reduction. It's important to identify and adjust the governing factors accordingly. Improving precursor vapor volumes with additional heaters, shortening precursor travel time, increasing flow rates for faster purging, controlling pressure in RC, adjusting wafer temperature, plasma distribution, and using higher frequency RF can all lead to better plasma density.

SEM images of TiO2 thin films on aluminium oxide substrates deposited using ALD process

Our Engineering

Functionality You Will Love


Hardware Developments

  • Reaction Chamber Optimization

  • Precise temperature control mechanism

  • Improvising plasma generation techniques

  • RF Engineering

  • BKMs for gas lines and boxes

  • Liquid Control Systems Optimization


Process Engineering

  • DOE Creation

  • Mapping process parameter with hardware

  • Process simulations

  • JMP 


Advanced Tech

We are constantly working to improve our offerings and expand upon our technological capabilities. Our expert team of professionals is passionate about developing the most advanced tech on the market. 

  • Reaction Chamber Optimization

  • RF Microwave Engineering

  • Additive Showerhead design

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